Installing Cesspools or Septic Systems

When installing a cesspool it’s best to search up the guidelines and contact your town before digging any holes as to prevent injury and possible death. Failure to do so may result in fines. This blog is designed to loosely explain he process of installing cesspools, or septic systems that you would have to do.

The first thing you should do is learn about your state’s septic and cesspool regulations. Threw local, county and state laws, the government regulate the septic system in most states. They will also regulate systems and wastewater within their state environmental agency or health department. Its good practice to take a look at the environmental agency’s website for more up to date and accurate information regarding your septic system. You can find anything from maintenance information to installation.

Perform a site review then do a soil test on the area where the private onsite wastewater treatment system is going to be installed. Based on your discoveries from the review the system is then designed. You would then have to wait for approval for any necessary permits and approvals. After you’ve received conformation then its time to install the system.

You would need to assemble the equipment necessary for excavation. Some tools that are used is the Backhoe, Laser transit and grade pole, pipe, fittings, PVC primer glue, a saw, shovel, tape measures, septic fabric, septic tank risers, septic filter, and distribution box. Please note there are many more pieces of equipment needed to complete this project.

Discover where you want to go into the structure relative to where you want to home the septic tank. Excavate to at least 2 feet deep and drill a hole through the wall. Plot for the flow to go downhill from here. This is why it’s important for the gravity system. It does not use mechanical processes. It uses gravity to discharge the waste from the tank to the drain field.

You would then have to dig a hole large enough to set the concrete aerobic tank below the ground. Take the laser transit then use it on the top of the pipe going out side to the tank. Measure the distance from the top of the inlet, to the bottom of the tank. Add this (go up on the grade pole) plus 1 1/2″ to the number you shot off the top of the pipe. The grade pole is now set to the depth that you need. Continue to use this to dig the hole to the suitable depth.


See your town’s local health requirements for the size of placement needed and the size of gravel. You would need to do this to place a 1” ½ washed drain rock from a nearby gravel pit around the pipe. This is to stabilize the pipe. Cover up the pipe and tank once you receive the good to go from a health inspector.


Installing a cesspool or septic system is a lot of work and takes a good amount of planning and calculating to get it right. Sometimes it’s best to contact a contractor or service to ensure you get the most out of your septic system. Accidents do occur and problems have and will always exist. If you decide to work on one yourself, do a lot of research and plan out the steps necessary to complete the task.

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